Global Peace Index and Sustainability

brustus11

http://www.visionofhumanity.com/index.php
Peace and sustainability are the cornerstones of humanity’s survival in the 21st century. The major challenges facing humanity today are global – climate change, accessible fresh water, ever decreasing bio-diversity and over population. Problems that call for global solutions and these solutions will require co-operation on a global scale unparalleled in history. Peace is the essential prerequisite, for, without peace, how can the major nations of the world co-operate to solve these issues?
The Global Peace Index is a ground-breaking milestone in the study of peace. It is the first time that an Index has been created that ranks the nations of the world by their peacefulness and identified some of the drivers of that peace. 121 countries have been ranked by their ‘absence of violence’, using metrics that combine both internal and external factors. Most people understand the absence of violence as an indicator of peace. This definition also allows for the measuring of peacefulness within, as well as between, nations.
Peace is a powerful concept. However, the notion of peace, and its value in the world economy, is poorly understood. Historically, peace has been seen as something won in war, or else as an altruistic ideal. There are competing definitions of peace, and most research into peace is, in fact, the study of violent conflict.
Vision of Humanity contains the results from the Global Peace Index and other material of interest on peace. It also contains a section on institutions that need help to fund peace-related initiatives. Over time this source will be updated to combine more relevant material that will demonstrate the linkages between peace and sustainability.

Andris

угу, особенно Япония с индексом Very High порадовала, ага Если я правильно помню, в оригинальном "исследовании" она чуть ли не 5е место по миролюбию занимала.

brustus11

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/6704767.stm
Norway rated most peaceful nation
TOP FIVE COUNTRIES
1 Norway
2 New Zealand
3 Denmark
4 Ireland
5 Japan
BOTTOM FIVE COUNTRIES
117 Nigeria
118 Russia
119 Israel
120 Sudan
121 Iraq
A study has ranked Norway as the most peaceful country and Iraq as the least in a survey of 121 countries.
The Global Peace Index, compiled by the Economist Intelligence Unit, looked at 24 factors to determine how peaceful each country was.
It places the US at 96th on the list and the UK at 49th, while New Zealand ranks second and Japan fifth.
The authors say it is the first attempt to produce such a wide-ranging league table of how peaceful countries are.
Factors examined by the authors include levels of violence and organised crime within the country and military expenditure.
The survey has been backed by the Dalai Lama, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, former US President Jimmy Carter and US economist Joseph Stiglitz, who are all Nobel prize laureates.
It is also supported by Queen Noor of Jordan.
'Wake-up call'
Scandinavian and other European countries generally performed well in the survey.
But Britain's ranking comes partly from its involvement in Iraq and other conflicts.
The United States is 96th - between Yemen and Iran - again because of such things as its military spending, its involvement in Iraq, violent crime at home, and a high prison population.
The survey also places Russia and Israel at the wrong end of the scale - 118th and 119th respectively.
The brainchild of Steve Killelea, an Australian entrepreneur, the survey is meant to inform governments, international organisations, and campaign groups.
Mr Killelea said: "This is a wake-up call for leaders around the globe. Countries need to become more peaceful to solve the major challenges that the world faces - from climate change to decreasing biodiversity.
"There is also a strong case for the world becoming more peaceful and it is now crucial for world leaders and business to take a lead," he said.
He added that the high positions of Germany, which ranked 12th, and Japan revealed that "there can be light at the end of what may seem at the moment like a very dark tunnel."
The study is published just before the G8 summit of leading countries next week.
The authors say they are trying to supplant what they call some "woolly" definitions of peace with a scientific approach, that includes levels of violent crime, political instability, and a country's relations with its neighbours.
But questions have been raised over the way some of these factors are brought together.
The authors themselves acknowledge that there is a lack of data in many countries.
What impact the new survey will have is unclear. The authors also argue that some countries - like Japan - may benefit from sheltering under the US military umbrella.

brustus11

brustus11

brustus11

brustus11

brustus11

grishakofff

Да уж, неприятно свою страну в списке самых недружелюбных видеть...
Конечно, исследование интересное, но как и в любом методе, тут большие недостатки видятся. 24 критерия, у всех одинаковые весовые коэффиценты, что неправильно.
Как можно по одной шкале сопоставлять с одной стороны прямые факты насилия:
- Estimated number of deaths from organised conflict (external)
- Level of organised conflict (internal)
- Number of deaths from organised conflict (internal)
- Level of violent crime
И с другой стороны какие-то косвенные признаки:
- Number of armed services personnel per 100,000 people (пример: Россия - страна с одной из самой низкой плотностей заселения своих территорий, вот и приходится больше солдат держать для охраны родных просторов);
- UN Deployments 2006-07 (percentage of total forces) - что же поделать, что нам приходится под эгидой ООН на территории СНГ свои войска держать, чтобы бывшие жители одной страны друг друга не перегрызли.
- Relations with neighbouring countries (может просто с соседями этой стране не повезло )

Nefertyty

Да что ты про методики, ясно же, что нужно истребить совков и ымперцев, тогда белые братья нас с радостью примут и перекрасят в синий цвет
Оставить комментарий
Имя или ник:
Комментарий: